Penguin
Why donít penguins fly?
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  Facts
  • A penguin does fly but under water not in the air :o)
  • Penguinís bodies arenít built for flying. Their bones are solid and heavy and a flying birdís bones are light and hollow. The solid bones help them to sink lower in the water.
  • Penguinís wings are paddle-like flippers. Their flippers arenít big enough to lift them into the air like a flying birds wings but they are very good for pushing a penguin through water.
  • Penguins get their food from the sea not on land but they come onto land to lay their eggs.
 
  Did You Know?
  • Scientists believed penguins evolved over 60 million years ago from the ancestors of albatrosses and petrels.
  • The biggest penguin that ever lived was 1.5 meters tall and it lived in New Zealand thousands of years ago.
  • The biggest penguin around these days are Emperor penguins. They live in Antarctica and theyíre 1.3 meters tall.
  • The smallest penguins are little Blue Penguins
  • Penguins eat small fish, squid and sea creatures called krill.
  • They can hold their breath underwater for about 18 minutes.
 
  Experiments
Have a close look at your own tongue in a mirror. Is your tongue rough or smooth? A penguin has a tongue that is covered with spines that point backwards into its mouth and down its throat to help it swallow wriggly live fish.
 
  Investigation
Penguins can swim up to 10 kilometres an hour. They use their feet and tail as a rudder and will sometimes leap right out of the water when theyíre swimming. They use their paddle-like flippers to push them through the water. Use a pair of flippers to see how fast you can push yourself through the water.
 
  Jokes
Person 1: What do penguins eat for dinner?
Person 2: I donít know, what do penguins eat for dinner?
Person 1: Fish fingers
Person 2: Really, I didnít know fish had fingers!
 







 
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